ᵀᴴᴱ BAT ᴬᴺᴰ ᵀᴴᴱ VIRUS

(Illustration from Ernst Haeckel’s Kunstformen der Natur, 1904)

The following text, is a collection of excerpts, possibly considered irrelevant to some (most?). Irrelevant not only because such speculation could be inaccurate, but also with the death toll of the global pandemic currently reaching 65,652 people, most are concerned with the current predicament and the future of their nations, as opposed to how this unfortunate series of events began in the first place.

However, as 10s of thousands die around the world, due to this specific respiratory virus, I believe there should be room for speculation and discussion. If I were stabbed in the night and left dying, I’d want to know who my killer was and why I had to die. If I were dying of COVID-19, as many are around the world right now, I’d want to know the story behind the virus. What fateful events led to this world being in the strange and sorry state it finds itself now? Was there one fateful act that led to this, amassing 65,652 lives to end here in 2020? (Seasonal flu alone kills 291,000 to 646,000 people worldwide every year, according to WHO.)

I cannot truly attest to the validity of the sources quoted, nor will I try to superimpose my understanding/interpretation over what is quoted. I toyed with the title “The Curious Case of Covid-19” but after some deliberation, I decided against that, because it makes the implication that everything mentioned here is directly linked to the specific novel strain of coronavirus, named so for its discovery in the year 2019. When I have no proof to definitively make that connection. The only thing I will suggest, is to pay attention to the dates.

“A SARS-like cluster of circulating bat coronaviruses shows potential for human emergence.”

NatureMedicine.com, November 9th, 2015.

Bat cave solves mystery of deadly SARS virus — and suggests new outbreak could occur. Chinese scientists find all the genetic building blocks of SARS in a single population of horseshoe bats.”

Nature.com, December 1st, 2017.

Scientists trace 2002 Sars virus to colony of cave-dwelling bats in China. Genetic source found for disease that killed 750 round the world.

TheGuardian.com, December 10th, 2017.

“To clinch the case, a team led by Shi Zheng-Li and Cui Jie of the Wuhan Institute of Virology in China sampled thousands of horseshoe bats in locations across the country. “The most challenging work is to locate the caves, which usually are in remote areas,” says Cui. After finding a particular cave in Yunnan, southwestern China, in which the strains of coronavirus looked similar to human versions, the researchers spent five years monitoring the bats that lived there, collecting fresh guano and taking anal swabs. They sequenced the genomes of 15 viral strains from the bats and found that, taken together, the strains contain all the genetic pieces that make up the human version. Although no single bat had the exact strain of SARS coronavirus that is found in humans, the analysis showed that the strains mix often. The human strain could have emerged from such mixing, says Kwok-Yung Yuen, a virologist at the University of Hong Kong who co-discovered the SARS virus: “The authors should be congratulated for confirming what has been suspected.” But Changchun Tu, a virologist who directs the OIE Reference Laboratory for Rabies in Changchun, China, says the results are only “99%” persuasive. He would like to see scientists demonstrate in the lab that the human SARS strain can jump from bats to another animal, such as a civet. “If this could have been done, the evidence would be perfect,” he says.”

―David Cyranoski, Nature.com, December 1st, 2017.

Shi Zheng-Li, Researcher (Academic) – Wuhan Institute of Virology, Chinese Academy of Sciences.”


Longitudinal Surveillance of Betacoronaviruses in Fruit Bats in Yunnan Province, China During 2009–2016. This study highlights the importance of virus surveillance in natural reservoirs and emphasizes the need for preparedness against the potential spill-over of these viruses to local residents living near bat caves.”

Virologica Sinica, March 2018.

“Cui and Shi are searching for other bat populations that could have produced strains capable of infecting humans. The researchers have now isolated some 300 bat coronavirus sequences, most not yet published, with which they will continue to monitor the virus’s evolution. And they warn that a deadly outbreak could emerge again: the cave where the elements of SARS were found is just 1 kilometre from the nearest village, and genetic mixing among the viral strains is fast. “The risk of spillover into people and emergence of a disease similar to SARS is possible,” the authors write in their paper. Although many markets selling animals in China have already been closed or restricted following outbreaks of SARS and other infectious diseases, Yuen agrees that the latest results suggest the risk is still present. “It reinforces the notion that we should not disturb wildlife habitats and never put wild animals into markets,” says Yuen.”

David Cyranoski, December 1st, 2017.

Job listing discovered, translated and shared by Laowhy86.

Posted on the 24th of December, 2019.


Link to job: www.whiov.cas.cn (5/4/2020)

Excerpt of advertisement:




1. Recruitment positions: 1-2 postdoctoral.

Proposed recruitment direction 1: Ecological study of bat migration and virus transmission.

Proposed recruitment direction 2: Cross-species infection of bat virus and its pathogenicity.

A pneumonia of unknown cause detected in Wuhan, China was first reported to the WHO Country Office in China on 31 December 2019.”

World Health Organization, April 2nd, 2020.


―March 11th, 2020.

In the end, it isn’t about knowing who to blame, who to fault, what we should have done in hindsight. It’s about finding out what truly happened, so we can learn from the incidents/mistakes that were made. We can kick around conspiracy theories, about how overnight this virus turned the free world into an authoritarian nanny state, but liberties will/must be lost in exchange for lives (and further costs). We need to learn from this, otherwise we dishonor those that have been lost, because their deaths will have been in vain.

If this world fails the sick, the old, the young, the weak, the vulnerable, then what sort of world have we made for ourselves here?


(Animation from GIPHY.com)

“How strange”, we might find ourselves thinking, when time after time, these odd yet seemingly inconsequential events occur. They stand out to us, like roses blooming in a desert. By all rights, they should not bloom, the event should not naturally occur, but against all odds, they do. Time after time, adorning the linear progression of our existence, these question marks in the parentheses. Compelling many of us to wonder, why?

While some of us may read too much into such proclaimed “strange or unusual” events, others might let the occurrences pass by them utterly unnoticed. Regardless of the interpretations made by the individual, uncannily, unlikely events will continue to unfold, as they always have (statistical anomalies). If and how someone chooses to interpret these events however, that can have varying implications. Certain events, leading an individual to come to their own understanding of God, chance, fate and the very reality (or lack there of) interwoven into our observable/perceivable universe.

(Interpretation of the physical world implicating predisposition of belief. Ailuromancy, divinations made from observing feline behavior. Alectryomancy/Ornithomancy, divination of bird behavior. Myomancy, divinations made from mice/rat behavior. Myrmomancy, divination from reading ant behavior.)

In the book titled ‘Incredible Coincidence: The Baffling World of Synchronicity’ by Alan Vaughan, one particular (alleged) “unusual” case stood out to me:

In 1953, Louisville, Kentucky, a man named George D. Bryson visited the Brown Hotel. After settling into the room he was given, Bryson went down to the lobby and inquired if any messages had been left for him, as he was expecting to be contacted at the hotel. After providing his room number 307, it was discovered that there was a letter addressed to room 307, with the name Mr. George D. Bryson written on it. How unusual, Bryson thought, because even he was only recently made aware of the room number he would be randomly assigned, yet someone had written and sent a letter, addressing him there. It was soon discovered that the last occupant of room 307, was also named George D. Bryson and in his haste to leave, missed receiving the letter on its arrival.

So many variables had to perfectly align, for such an odd event to occur, and they did. The question, the crux of this event and others like it, does chance, cause and effect alone govern our reality, or are there other forces at work, manipulating the trajectory of fate?

If you’re content to believe that chance, choice, physics, cause and effect, “what goes up, must come down”, what-you-see-is-what-you-get, an eggs-is-eggs sort of sentiment governs our perceivable reality, then nothing more really needs to be said. It is, what it is. A roll of the dice, any given meaning superimposed over the outcome is entirely arbitrary (or at the very least entirely grounded by the factors/laws of our perceivable reality).

If, however, you are inclined to believe otherwise, then you’re not alone. It’s estimated that over 84% of the world’s population hold some form of religious faith. You could say it’s almost a human predilection to harbor beliefs that there is more going on than what meets the eye (whether that is actually the case or not). Be it the work of God/Gods/Fate/Karma/Destiny, there is often a religious implication that supernatural forces have a part to play in the vicissitudes of our world, and even the minuscule variables that implicate the fleeting moments of our lives.

Interestingly, it’s these rare strange and unusual events, that allow us to reflect on how we interpret the nature of the world/reality around us. When young separated twins (Case of the Jim Twins) manage to coincidentally live seemingly identical (or very similar) lives, with both choices and external coincidental circumstances. We might think, how is that possible?

A choir at West Side Baptist Church in Beatrice, Nebraska were scheduled to practice on Wednesday, March 1st, 1950 at 7:20 p.m. At precisely 7:25 p.m. a natural gas explosion ignited, destroying the church. Only not a single person was injured in the blast, because every single member of the church group, for varying reasons, was running late for choir practice. It’s alleged that never before had every member of the choir been late to practice. A lucky set of coincidences simultaneously befell 15 people?

Anecdotally, these kind of stories stack up all over the world. But unfortunately, those tales, the ones I’ve mentioned and countless others like them don’t really mean much, they could be exaggerations, misunderstandings or simply false. Perhaps, after all, they are just anomalies, given special meaning by those seeking more than what there really is.

In the end, these unusual events, alike the interpretations made from them, are only truly applicable to those who experience them. The interpretations reveal a great deal about who we are, possibly more so than the events themselves. The question is, could an unusual event, or a series of unusual events change the way you interpret the world?


(Illustrated by DK13 DESIGN, 6. 12. 2019.)

جناح الخفافيش

“Such a creature could best an army in the light of day, yet it waits until the dead of night and preys upon men as they dream. It is the nightmare, it yearns to be feared, feared for all eternity.”

—Carvest, The Legends of Eloren, C. M. Johnson

It has long been the belief, among the Makonde people (of the lands now known as southeast Tanzania and northern Mozambique) that otherworldly beings known as the shetani, haunt and plague this world (or more specifically, the humans that inhabit it). The shetani are essentially understood to be evil spirits, very similar to the demons of Judeo-Christian faith. Though with changing cultural influences in the region, they could be more closely related now to the Djinn of Arabic Mythology. Despite being regarded as shapeshifters/skinchangers, they are described as odd anthropomorphic combinations, animals with humanoid features. Quite often cyclopic, disfigured, grotesquely formed creatures. Many of the carvings of shetani depict them with their heads on backwards, exaggerated genitalia, the physical depiction could be interpreted as visual chaos. After all, what is a demon of any cultural conjuration, if not an incarnation of chaos?

While the title of shetani covers a broad range of spirits (most typically considered to be malevolent), there are specific types which behave in unique ways. Some, like the Shuluwele are said to be controlled by sorcerers, similar to the belief of conjured and controlled demons by mortal sorcerers outlined in the ‘The Key of Solomon’ (circa 1300-1400). The Ukunduka however, are a far more troublesome spirit. While many of the shetani feed through various forms of energy absorption, primarily fear, possession of a human host, some suggesting even the consumption of human flesh or blood. The Ukunduka, feed through sexual intercourse with a human. Of all the Ukunduka, of all the shetani, one spirit in particular has earned a reputation which has swept up a frenzy of fear across the south-eastern coast of Africa, for many years.

The Popobawa, considered to be the most evil, dangerous and currently active shetani of Tanzania. It’s often misunderstood that the Popobawa (Popo Swahili for ‘Bat’ and Bawa, ‘Wing’) was named so due to its physical characteristics, but that is likely inaccurate because all shetani can change their physical form at will. The name came about because it was remarked that before a victim experienced an attack, a large dark shadow would form beneath the flying spirit, similar to that cast of large bat wings.

As far as shetani go, the belief in the being called Popobawa is actually quite new, possibly as late as the 1960s. As the common story goes, a sheikh, during a grievance with a neighboring community (possible speculative/perceived Arab resentment toward the community after its liberation and the collapse of the Arab-run slave markets of the Zanzibar archipelago. Slavery continued in the region up until around 1918), he summoned the worst kind of djinn/demon/shetani/spirit he could, to wreak havoc on those that angered him (the current inhabitants of Tanzania and surrounding islands, the first recorded event believed to be Pemba Island, 1965 – one year after the Revolution of Zanzibar. Fear, change and instability seem to be a breeding ground for hysteria. Similarly mentioned in ᵀᴴᴱ LAUGHING MADNESS ᴏғ TANGANYIKA ₁₉₆₂). Consequently, the sheikh could not control the spirit and it has been preying on its victims across Tanzania ever since.

Interestingly, just like the Judeo-Christian affiliation of demons and hell with the smell of burnt sulfur, that smell is also said to arise with the presence of the Popobawa. While the Popobawa is feared for causing poltergeist-like activity, nightmares, physical attacks, it is most notorious for sodomizing its victims (men, women and children. Though reports of sodomy are disproportionately adult male victims).

In 1971, villagers of Pemba Island reported witnessing a possession (very similar to the demonic possessions described in Catholicism), where a young girl identified only as Fatuma spoke in a deep adult male voice. Whether this incident was later connected to the Popobawa, or what the girl actually said, (to my understanding) is not documented. At the time, belief in exorcisms, general superstition and apotropaic (magically protective) practices were quite high. The use of talismans, religious icons, sacrificial goats to keep evil at bay were/are relatively common.

Although the first reports were believed to have arisen in 1965, again in the 70’s and 80’s, the most resounding event occurred on the Island of Pemba, in 1995 (though reports of Popobawa encounters seem to loosely correlate with elections and times of uncertainty. Most victims refute there is a connection, though it has also been suggested that summoners “aggravate” the Popobawa, causing spikes in encounters).

Pandemonium ensued across the Zanzibar archipelago, specifically upon the Tanzanian island of Pemba, in 1995. An influx of reports began to arise, of visitations of the Popobawa, most frequently during the dead of night. Many victims, mostly men reported an evil spirit visiting them in the night, much like the concept of the incubus/succubus. The shadowy creature sodomizes its victims, while they remain paralyzed (very similar to experiences described by victims of Sleep Paralysis Disorder).

Similarly to Sleep Paralysis, where someone is far more likely to experience it after being told about it (one of the main topics of a book I wrote called, ᴀ COMPENDIUM ᴏғ FEAR: ᴀʙᴏʟɪsʜ ᴛʜᴇ ᴅᴇᴍᴏɴ), it is also a trait of the Popobawa to demand its victims tell others. It is commonly believed that if you tell as many others as you can of the Popobawa’s existence, it will lessen its affliction over you and move on to another victim (no, that isn’t the reason for writing this). To deny its existence, enrages the creature. Many residents of Pemba Island, 1995, refused to sleep in their beds, believing the creature favored those who slept indoors. They would stand outside and keep fires burning the night through, fearful to fall asleep, highly reminiscent of the plot of the film, ‘A Nightmare on Elm Street’, 1984.

Some victims of the Popobawa, claiming to have been sexually assaulted during the night have claimed physical wounds remain after attacks, along with physical evidence of sexual intercourse, seminal and ectoplasmic fluids. However, no Doctor in Tanzania or the islands of the Zanzibar archipelago have ever come forward to say they examined a single victim of a Popobawa attack.

Could this creature, these events, this fear be simply sleep paralysis disorder enveloped in mass hysteria? Hypnopompic hallucinations, the kind we experience as we regain consciousness from a sleep state. Could it be a hypnagogic hallucination, the kind we experience as we lose consciousness? For as long as human beings have recorded history, recorded their dreams, their fears, the concept of the incubi, the succubi has been with us, since the dawn of time. “Old Hag” syndrome, demonic affliction toward a paralyzed victim, is it human nature to perpetually conjure this sort of nocturnal torture upon ourselves?

Or does the torture come from somewhere/someone/something else?


(Animation from GIPHY.com)

Coincidence, all too often the garnish of an otherwise ordinary sequence of events. In most cases, the meaning derived is entirely arbitrary and essentially without consequence. But sometimes, under very special circumstances, coincidence is the direct result of someone or something and the physical implication(s) on the world they leave behind, be it by chance or design. Like the compulsion of a serial killer to leave his mark, a signature left in the wake. Yearning to be found.

“Once you eliminate the impossible, whatever remains, no matter how improbable, must be the truth.”

—Sir Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle

When it comes to most topics pertaining to paranormal phenomena, one might quickly face an uphill struggle in any attempt at compiling tangible data, even finding multiple witnesses (exceeding 1) to a single event. When it comes to researching what many refer to as UFO phenomena, this is not the case. In fact, there is no uphill struggle, you are instead rather confronted with a wall, a wall of data (hoaxes and purposefully false reports are disproportionately prevalent pertaining to UFO/Aliens/Crop circles than any other form of folklore, paranormal or “outlandish” belief). The wall, the confusion, (not to mention the possible career suicide of any professional that publicly addresses the subject) funnily enough, all of this is equally as discouraging to most, as if there was no data at all.

(The belief in ghosts is slightly higher among Americans than the belief in UFOs as a phenomenon.)

(The USS Nimitz UFO, Coast of Southern California, November, 2004.)

In the event that you are not sufficiently discouraged, you’ll face a new set of obstacles in your search for clarity on the matter. The more you dig, the deeper you delve into into the proverbial rabbit hole, surrounding yourself with the countless claims of alleged sightings, alleged abductions, a world of speculation, confusion and doubt quickly envelopes you. Like a boa constrictor wrapping around its prey, the truth starts to suffocate within the many obscuring coils. In an attempt to combat convolution, I wanted to simplify the modern concept of the UFO into two primary elements.

Firstly, what APPEARS to be going on?

(Mystery Airship San Francisco Call, 22nd of November, 1896, during the rise of the “Scareship” sightings.)


ᵀᴴᴱ SHADOW ᴀɴᴅ ᵀᴴᴱ LIGHT

If you subscribe to the general publicly understood notion of the “UFO”, you would have no doubt realized by now, a reoccurring theme or trope to the story. One element wants to be seen, metaphorically, we could regard this as the light. Another, wants to pass unnoticed, and consume the light, naturally taking the role of the shadow.

The light, metaphorically speaking, is the UFO, conceptualized as a craft/object (“scareship”) capable of achieving controlled flight, surpassing what is considered technologically possible. This DOES NOT automatically indicate a craft somehow affiliated with the existence of extraterrestrial life (though it doesn’t rule it out either). Generally, the light takes dominion over the skies, where it is identified most often.

Alternatively, the shadow is primarily concerned with affairs on the ground. If the light shines on something, immediately, the shadow will follow. First the phenomenon occurs or is alleged to have occurred and then, like clockwork, the shadow appears. The shadow is more easily described as a metaphor than a tangible presence, but if I had to give it a name, “authority” seems fitting. The shadow, it seems, can do what it likes, how and whenever it pleases. The shadow is ominous and eerily successful at what it strives to achieve.

Below is a construct of common belief patterns most people entertain toward the notion of UFOs. Even in regards to an incident with multiple witnesses reported in the news, it is natural for many people to assume the witness is confused, mistaken or lying. Some who have personally witnessed UFO activity have came to this conclusion about their own sighting. Raising the question, has a culture of disbelief (on this issue) developed and perpetuated on its own accord, or by design?

If the light can do the things it is consistently reported of doing, theoretically, it could/can be unseen when/if it chooses. If that is an accurate statement, the light wants to be seen.

Whatever the shadow is, it has unsurpassed authority, access to advanced technology (as far-fetched as it may sound, many world governments have access to technology that far surpasses public access in various fields), access to vast wealth, a far deeper understanding of UFO phenomena than the general public. What the shadow wants is actually quite difficult to speculate, outside of “control”. Even in various documents declassified from the CIA, departments have claimed using the guise of UFO phenomenon to achieve various ends.

One such document being, “The CIA and the U-2 Program, 1954-1974.” 1998, by Gregory W. Pedlow & Donald E. Welzenbach. Declassified Mar 19, 2007.

Maybe in the face of an elusive, mysterious, unbridled power (or the illusion of such) anyone/anything associated with it attains authority by proxy. Much like a prehistoric humanoid that picks up a branch aflame after being struck by lighting. He did not create the fire, nor does he understand how it came about, but as long as he appears alongside it, others believe he holds the secrets of the flame.

After reading Edward J. Ruppelt’s report, I wanted to share two key entries that I found particularly interesting:





But persistence paid off. Early in December, about ten o’clock in the morning, the grapevine reported sightings of a silvery, circular-shaped object near the instrument shack. The UFO was seen by several people.

When the “rock hounds” checked the recording tapes in the shack they found that several of the Geiger tubes had been triggered at 10:17A.M. The registered radiation increase was about 100 times greater than the normal background activity.

Three more times during the next two months the “mineral club’s” equipment recorded abnormal radiation on occasions when the grapevine reported visual sightings of UFO’s. One of the visual sightings was substantiated by radar.

After these incidents the “mineral club” kept its instruments in operation until June 1951, but nothing more was recorded. And, curiously enough, during this period while the radiation level remained normal, the visual sightings in the area dropped off too. The “mineral club” decided to concentrate on determining the significance of the data they had obtained.”

After explaining a correlation of detectable spikes in radiation during the presence of UFO sightings and an entire book of UFO speculation, this document ends on this note:


“The only reason there are any “unknowns” in the UFO files is that an effort is made to be scientific in making evaluations. And being scientific doesn’t allow for any educated assuming of missing data or the passing of judgment on the character of the observer. However, this is closely akin to being forced to follow the Marquis of Queensbury rules in a fight with a hood. The investigation of any UFO sighting is an inexact science at the very best. Any UFO investigator, after a few months of being steeped in UFO lore and allowed a few scientific rabbit punches, can make the best of the “unknowns” look like a piece of well-holed Swiss cheese.

But regardless of what I say, or what the Air Force says, or what anyone says, we are stuck with flying saucers. And as long as people report unidentified objects in the air, it’s the Air Force’s responsibility to explain them.

Project Blue Book will live on.

No responsible scientist will argue with the fact that other solar systems may be inhabited and that some day we may meet those people. But it hasn’t happened yet and until that day comes we’re stuck with our Space Age Myth–the UFO.”

I’m not going to comment on these 2 specific excerpts. I’ll leave it up to you to make your own assessments.

Edward J. Ruppelt died 4 years after this publication, in 1960, at the age of 37, (heart attack).


I can’t help but wonder, how long has it been like this? Was the shadow always intrinsically bound to the light? Was there ever a time when UFOs were seen before ‘authorities’ could be hiding flying programs, or covering the truth of a matter they wanted to control? Ironically, from an organization that currently monitors the skies of today, NASA released a PDF regarding this very inquiry.

Excerpts from:

Stothers, R., 2007: Unidentified flying objects in classical antiquity.

(full article)

• In 217 BC “at Arpi round shields (parmas) were seen in the sky” (Liv. 22.1.9; Orosius 4.15). A parma was a small round shield made partly or wholly of iron, bronze or another metal; we do not know whether the luster of these devices (and not just their shape) was intended to be an element of the description. Mock suns are an unlikely explanation, since in the Roman prodigy lists these were routinely described as “double suns” or “triple suns” (i.e. two mock suns on either side of the real one).

• In 212 BC “at Reate a huge stone (saxum) was seen flying about” (Liv. 25.7.8). The implication would seem to be that the object in question was a stony gray color; that it is said to have moved irregularly (volitare) leaves open the possibility that the object Livy describes was a bird or some kind of airborne debris.

Sporadic reports of similar objects continue to appear after this in the Roman prodigy lists. The immediate sources are again Livy and his extractors Pliny, Plutarch, Obsequens and Orosius:

• In 173 BC “at Lanuvium a spectacle of a great fleet was said to have been seen in the sky” (Liv. 42.2.4).

• In 154 BC “at Compsa weapons (arma) appeared flying in the sky” (Obsequens 17). The term refers to defensive weapons, especially shields.

• In 104 BC “the people of Ameria and Tuder observed weapons in the sky rushing together from east and west, those from the west being routed.” Thus Pliny (Nat. 2.148) who uses the term arma; Obsequens’ (43) version is essentially the same. Plutarch (Mar. 17.4) calls the weapons “flaming spears and oblong shields,” but may be merely glossing and expanding; since he noted the time as night, the phenomenon in question might be the streamers of an aurora borealis.

• In 100 BC, probably at Rome, “a round shield (clipeus), burning and emitting sparks, ran across the sky from west to east, at sunset.” Thus Pliny (Nat. 2.100), although Obsequens (45) called the phenom-enon “a circular object, like a round shield.” The clipeus was a round shield similar to the parma, but bigger. Seneca (Nat. 1.1.15; 7.20.2), quoting Posidonius (1st century BC), referred to a class of clipei flagrantes, saying that they persisted longer than shooting stars.

(The article further illustrates multiple claims of sightings of possible UFO phenomena throughout antiquity. ‘Shields’, ships of the air, achieving controlled flight through the ancient skies. Great thinkers of the past spoke of various events that intrigued them. Even claims of beings associated with the UFOs, “shining bright”. Things like the Celestial phenomenon over Nuremberg 1561, the Tunguska event of 1908, need to be taken into consideration.)

• The last encounter is again from the early Christian hagiographical literature and took place near the Via Campana between Rome and Capua ca.AD 150. On a sunny day, a “beast” like a piece of pottery (ceramos) about 100 feet in size, multicolored on top and shooting out fiery rays, landed in a dust cloud, accompanied by a “maiden” clad in white.32 There was only one witness to the event, probably Her-mas the brother of Pope Pius I.


This collection of what might be termed ancient UFO reports has been culled from a much larger number of reports of aerial objects, most of whose identifications with known phenomena are either certain or at least highly probable. Embedded in the mass of relatively explicable ancient reports, however, is a small set of unexplained (or at least not wholly explained) reports from presumably credible witnesses. If these reports are examined statistically, essential features of what I will, for argument’s sake, call the ancient UFO phenomenon can be extracted:

shape—discoidal or spheroidal;

color—silvery, golden or red;

• texture—metallic or, occasionally, glowing or cloudy;

These events should be considered, because whether or not they were legitimate UFO phenomena, these strange occurrences were happening long before the modern agencies we associate with them existed.

Parmas (shields), defensive weapons (shields), oblong shields, clipeus (shields). Before they were known as flying saucers, the ancient world often called them flying shields.

(Circular Roman shields)


In the end, as all we have here, is a coincidence. A humble coincidence, and ‘coincidence’ is all too often the garnish of an otherwise ordinary sequence of events. The meaning derived is entirely arbitrary and essentially without consequence.

Our human history is riddled with thousands of years of misinterpretation, confusion and lies?

Or is it possible, that we are still trying to solve the same ancient riddle? Still trying to make sense of things that bewildered our collective ancestors, thousands of years ago?

IF there is any sentient will affiliated with the UFOs of today, IF there was any sentient will affiliated with the UFOs of antiquity, then the answer is simple:

The truth, wants to be found. This slow, subtle compiling of ‘coincidences’ throughout the duration of our species existence may be entirely meaningless, by chance, or maybe by design. An uncaring, hostile extraterrestrial/ultraterrestrial being/race would make contact with our world, implicate us negatively or positively without giving it a second thought. A benevolent being would not do this.

If you think that concept is unrealistic, consider the prospect of the plights of the last remaining tribes scattered around this planet (like the Cujareño people of the remote regions of the Amazon rainforest). Would you want to introduce them to your way of life? Enrich their lives with technological advancement? Or would you rather they were left alone, left to their own devices, untouched by the outside world?

For the time being, Earth remains alone and the phenomena we call UFOs remain an enigma. However, there may come a time in the history of our planet, or even our species, when beings much like us envy the calm and the isolation that we currently take for granted. Once the veil is lifted, once the enigma is solved, there is no going back, and our world will never be the same again.


(Animation from GIPHY.com)

A love affair stretching across an ocean of time. A baffling case of alleged reincarnation, claimed with the utmost conviction for the duration of a lifetime. An ancient life cut short and an English woman’s search to reclaim what was lost, so long ago. Do we merely begin in the womb and end in the tomb? Or could it all be a bit more complicated than that?

This is either the story of the delusions of a woman named Dorothy Louise Eady, or the tale of Bentreshyt (Egyptian for ‘Harp of Joy’). An Egyptian girl who became a Priestess of the temple of Kom el-Sultan. A secret love affair over 3000 years ago, with Pharaoh Menmaatre Seti I. Finally, a suicide out of shame. But if you are of the few who believe there is any credence to this unusual tale, then death, it would seem, was only the beginning.

Our story begins not in Ancient Egypt, but rather some mere 116 years ago, in Blackheath, London, England. Dorothy Eady was born on the 16th of January, 1904. Her life was seemingly ordinary until the age of three. Dorothy fell down a flight of stairs, sustaining serious injuries, including blunt force trauma to the head. Some accounts claim that she was actually pronounced dead at the scene. But the toddler awoke, appearing to make a full recovery.

As the years went on and the toddler became a young girl, Dorothy Eady’s once ordinary life would become incrementally less ordinary. It started with what we now call ‘foreign accent syndrome’. In rare occurrences, usually after someone sustains a stroke, they will speak in a manner that seems as though they are a foreign speaker to their native tongue. In Dorothy’s case, this may have been caused to the blunt force head trauma. But foreign accent syndrome would not account for the growing strangeness in her behavior.

Dorothy claimed she had reoccurring dreams of a place, a large building surrounded by columns. The building was surrounded by lush gardens, flowers and fruit-trees. It was noted that around this time at four years of age she would regularly sob to her mother saying that she “wanted to go home”.

This escalated drastically, upon an outing to the British Museum. Upon reaching the Ancient Egyptian exhibits, Dorothy was aglow with excitement. When she noticed a photograph of an ancient Egyptian temple from the 19th Dynasty era, she began to shout, “that is my home! But, where are the trees? Where are the gardens?”

(The Temple of Seti I, the father of Rameses the Great. Photographed by Antonio Beato, 1825-1903.)

Dorothy ran around the exhibit, kissing the feet of the statues and claimed she was “among her people”, eventually she found a mummy on display in a glass enclosure. Seemingly bewitched the young girl refused to leave, sitting cross-legged on the floor, staring up at the deceased. It was at this point her parents understood she was not likely to outgrow her obsession soon, rather her enthusiasm had only just been ignited.

Speaking in an accent uncommon to those around her, Dorothy began making remarks during her Sunday school classes, noting similarities and comparisons of Christianity and her “old religion”. She would speak of Ancient Egyptian beliefs, rituals and ceremonies, that in her current short life-time, she had never been exposed to.

“She was expelled from school for refusing to sing a hymn that included the line ‘curse the swart Egyptians’; to add insult to injury, she threw the hymnbook at the teacher and stormed out of the room.”

—Excerpt from Toby Wilkinson’s The Nile: Downriver Through Egypt’s Past and Present, 2014.

This led to Dorothy being interrogated by a priest, who after hearing her mention how much she enjoyed Catholic mass because it reminded her of the Egyptian ceremonies she use to partake in, enough was enough. In the Catholic faith, secret knowledge, talking in tongues, a desire to follow pagan faiths can be considered signs of demonic possession. Dorothy Eady and her Ancient Egyptian antics were not welcome.

Dorothy, feeling isolated and confused would often stare longingly at photographs of Egyptian ruins. She could not understand why the ruins were so barren and aged, when in her memories/dreams they were pristine constructs, surrounded by lush greenery. Certain that her true home was the Temple of Seti the First at Abydos, Dorothy Eady made it her life’s pursuit to return there.

Soon enough, a childhood spent longing to return to a home that was lost to the sands of time, was over. Dorothy Eady immersed herself in learning about Ancient Egypt and learned to read and write hieroglyphs (perhaps even better than she was capable in her former life). It wasn’t until she was 27 years old, that she married an Egyptian man, Eman Abdel Meguid and in 1931, the pair started their together in Cairo, Egypt.

Soon after moving to Cairo, Dorothy gave birth to a child she called ‘Sety’ after Pharaoh Menmaatre Seti I. Her husband’s family nicknamed Dorothy, Bulbul (meaning Nightingale), but after the birth of her son, Dorothy called herself Omm Sety meaning “The Mother of Sety”.

After moving to Egypt, Omm Sety’s experiences and beliefs severely intensified. She developed a compulsion to enter trance-like states and rapidly draw Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs. She claimed to see apparitions, out of body experiences, spirit journeys and spiritual meetings with various beings, one of which, Pharaoh Menmaatre Seti I. The ever growing interest in the obsession of a “past life” and her outlandish pastimes eventually became too much for the upper middle-class family she had married into. In 1935 Dorothy and Eman were divorced.

At the height of her spiritual engagements, it’s said an apparition of ‘Hor Ra’ revealed her past-life to Dorothy (Hor sometimes used to mean ‘High Steward’, often affiliated with Abydos, the place Dorothy believed she came from. Hor also an alternate name for the God Horus, who held dominion over the sky. Ra being the name of the Egyptian God of the Sun).

Hor Ra made it known to Dorothy that some 3000 years ago she lived as an Egyptian girl, called Bentreshyt “harp of joy”. Over approximately one year, documented in 70 pages of hieroglyphic text, Hor Ra explained the details of Dorothy Eady’s former life. He told Dorothy that her mother would sell vegedtables and that her father was a solider, during the 19th dynasty, of Pharaoh Menmaatre Seti I.

After the death of Bentreshyt’s mother, her father took her to the temple of Kom el-Sultan to be raised as a priestess. Having been brought to the temple at the age of three (around the same age Dorothy experienced her near death experience) Bentreshyt spent a further 9 years at Kom el-Sultan before being offered the choice to leave the temple or remain as a consecrated virgin. With no family, or any means to support herself, Bentreshyt took the vows of the temple and would remain a virgin and serve Isis (a goddess affiliated with many things, including resurrection. Some sources suggest Bentreshyt was more likely a priestess of Osiris, god of the underworld).

As a consecrated virgin priestess, Bentreshyt would play a role in the annual ceremonies surrounding the tale of ‘Osiris’s passion and resurrection’. The story of Osiris and Isis, Osiris would die, only to be resurrected (his rise and fall compared to the rise and fall of the Nile, the growth and death of crops) again by the magic of Isis. Isis would resurrect her lover Osiris, so that he could impregnate her, their son being Horus god of the sky.

Much like Osiris and Isis, during Bentreshyt’s involvement in the annual ceremony, she came to exchange favorable glances with Seti I. Eventually, the pair would become secret lovers. Also alike Osiris and Isis, Bentreshyt fell pregnant. But before she would give birth to her own Horus, the High Priest learned of her insubordination, her vowels to a sacred order had been broken. The High Priest warned Bentreshyt that this offense, this insult to the Goddess Isis would not go unpunished. The penalty for such defiance, is death. Ashamed and afraid, fearing the condemnation of not only her people, but the gods she served, Bentreshyt committed suicide. (Most sources do not mention the fate of the child, suggesting its life was subsequently ended also. Others suggest Bentreshyt gave birth to the child prior to ending her life).

Dorothy Eady was involved with various archeological interests surrounding The Temple of Seti I. It has been claimed that Dorothy led archaeologists to locations where temple gardens were lost to the Egyptian sands. Most notably she led a group to an undiscovered secret tunnel into Temple. Aside from this she spent a great deal of time writing about the commonalities and differences in the Egypt she experienced in her lifetime to the Egypt she knew, or believed to have known, some 3000 years ago.

After her mandatory retirement from the Antiquities Department of Cairo at age 60, Dorothy achieved the dream she had longed for since she was a small girl. Alone, she returned to the temple of Abydos, having paid her penance with one lifetime, she lived out her remaining years, the last priestess of the temple of Seti I. Whether what she believed was true or her existence was consumed by a delusion that claimed 77 years, the story came full circle. While a young priestess wandered the fertile greenery of lively temple, an elderly woman sits alone in abandoned ruins, surrounded by a desert.

Until the 21st of April, 1981 where Dorothy Eady, or Omm Sety passed away at the age of 77 years old.

(Omm Sety at the Temple of Abydos, where she lived out her life.)

To those that believe Dorothy Eady spent her 77 year lifetime confused, mistaken, or simply lying, then the story ends with an elderly woman living out her winter years in an abandoned Ancient Egyptian temple, before passing away. Quite a depressing tale.

Omm Sety, however, had a different ending in mind, an ending beyond the reaches of a mortal death. For one of the many spirits and apparitions that visited her, was Pharaoh Menmaatre Seti I and as the story goes, the love affair did not end 3000 years ago. Omm Sety believed that Seti I had searched for her tirelessly in this world and the next and had given her spiritual guidance as a means for the star-crossed lovers to reunite.

They planned to find one another in the Egyptian Underworld.

If you believe that Omm Sety was accurate in her interpretation of her experiences, that she truly was reincarnated from a prior life, then does the story end with this one more mortal death?

Or does it go on?

(Statue of Pharaoh Menmaatre Seti I, created circa 1290–1279 BC.)


(Animation from GIPHY.com)


(Feel free to skip this introduction if you are already familiar with the classifications of ‘close encounter’ types.)

In ufology, when observing (primarily visual) UFO phenomena, there are seven types of encounters (the first three, coined by J. Allen Hynek, in his book, The UFO Experience: A Scientific Inquiry, 1972. The remaining four are believed to have came about organically among UFO theorists/enthusiasts, through speculation, trends, science fiction and commonalities of sightings/experiences).

An encounter of the first kind, is to observe a UFO, within 500 feet (approximately 152 meters), successfully identifying specific visual details of the craft.

Encounters of the second kind, are events of UFO phenomenon, where not only a visual presence is witnessed but it is accompanied by various (perceived) physical implications. This can range from presumed/recorded effects, such as feelings/recordings of extreme temperature change, paralysis, disorientation, headaches, fatigue (deviations in behavioral patterns). These effects can be seen in any forms of life close to the event (humans, animals, insects). Further examples of physical effects include mechanical impedance (engine failure), most commonly reported as vehicles/devices cease functioning, or behave erratically. Impressions in the earth, compressions of vegetation (crop circles), scorch marks on the ground, remnants of foreign chemicals, unusual spikes in detectable radiation levels.

Then there is the encounter of the third kind. These encounters include the (generally visual, though arguably in some cases mentally ‘perceived’) appearance/presence of being(s) affiliated with the UFO. Often believed to be the pilots or occupants of the unidentifiable craft.

An encounter of the fourth kind pertains to cases of alleged abduction (including unsuccessful or failed attempts).

Encounters of the fifth kind, involves direct communication between alien life and a human recipient.

Encounters of the sixth kind, result in the death of an abductee, witness, human or animal. It can also loosely be considered an encounter of the sixth kind if an inexplicable death occurs during the sighting of a UFO phenomenon (if there is cause to believe the events are somehow connected. If there are sightings of UFOs and inexplicable cattle mutilations, many would consider that to be an encounter of the sixth kind).

Lastly, encounters of the seventh kind pertain to the hybridization of Homo sapiens and extraterrestrial life (through various methods).

(Illustrated by Unknown Artist)




21st of October, 1978

At the age of 20 years old, Frederick Valentich was undertaking a training flight over the Bass Strait sea, between Melbourne and King Island, in a small, four-seat Cessna 182L. At 7:06 pm he made radio contact with Melbourne air traffic control over concerns about an aircraft following him and flying directly above him, some 300 meters (984 feet). Frederick’s aircraft was at an altitude of around 1,400 m (about 4,500 feet).

Melbourne air traffic control responded that there was no other air traffic at that altitude. Frederick continued to report that a large strange aircraft continued to overshadow his Cessna, he couldn’t distinguish or name a craft with similar dimensions to what he was looking at. Though he described the UFO as having a shiny metallic surface, with a bright green light source. Frederick made remarks that the craft was moving at high speeds and that he believed at one point, that another pilot was “purposely toying with him”.

Finally, Frederick’s last radio message was, “it’s not an aircraft”.

Soon after Frederick’s last words, the transmission turned into sounds of “metallic scraping sounds” until there was radio silence.

Frederick Valentich (whose father Guido, had later made statements stating that Frederick had considered himself a believer in UFOs and had previously confided fears of being attacked by one) was never seen nor heard from again.

Just like the Kinross Incident, 1953, the pilot and the wreckage remain undiscovered to this day.

(Frederick Valentich, 1978)



(Also known as The Nullarbor Plain Incident.)

20th of January 1988

In the darkness of the hours following midnight, the Knowles family were well into their journey from Perth to Melbourne. They were traveling across the Nullarbor Plain (nulla ‘no’, arbor ‘tree’), South Australia (a notoriously long and isolated stretch of road. Around 1200 km to cross it, via the Eyre Highway. With a lot of nothing in between.) The family consisted of Faye Knowles and her adult sons Sean, Patrick and Wayne.

The otherwise long and dreary journey changed the moment an unusual light was spotted in the distance. A light that would be later described as appearing reminiscent of a single truck headlight. A small orb of light grew and a distant aerial phenomenon quickly turned into a frantic and bewildered chase, across one of the most isolated stretches of road in Australia.

Eventually, the Knowles family claim that the light or the craft attached to it, landed upon the roof of their vehicle with a “clunk”. Before their fear reached its pinnacle, the family car began to ascend. The strange light/craft lifted the vehicle into the air, the car shook violently before falling free, plummeting back to the road, where one of the tyres blew out upon impact.

I wound down the window and I felt this thing on the roof. All of this smoke stuff started coming into the car, the car was covered in black stuff.”

“We thought we were dying, then we got out the car and we hid behind a little tree and the bushes and it couldn’t find us.”

—Faye Knowles, 1988.

After changing the tyre in under 2 minutes, the Knowles family got back on the road (leaving the jack behind) to continue their journey as fast as possible. Though noted the light/craft was seen going after other cars as well as their own. The family estimated their entire unusual experience lasted around an hour and a half, being chased and tormented by this highly unusual flying object.

Eventually, the Knowles family made it to Ceduna, South Australia, where they immediately reported the incident to police. The car was held by police for investigation. The car is said to have been dented and covered in dust, though no unknown traces were said to have been discovered.

(The Daily Mirror reports on the Nullarbor incident.)



(This event takes place in the Dandenong foothills, less than 40 minutes away from Clayton South, where the Westall UFO sighting of 1966 occurred.)

8th of August, 1993

Kelly Cahill’s unusual experience begins with the ending of a night spent with family and friends. After a social visit, Kelly Cahill (27), her husband and three children were taking the car trip home through the darkness of the Dandenong foothills (though it’s believed that other witnesses were present, Kelly Cahill remains the most publicly vocal regarding this incident). At around midnight the UFO appeared overhead.

Initially, Kelly tried to figure out what the UFO was, likening it at one stage to an illuminated zeppelin (similar to the “Scareship” sightings of 1909) but after seeing it perform various aerial feats and get relatively close to the family car, she realized the craft was unusual in many ways. The UFO eventually got so low, hovering silently, so close to the road, that Kelly believed that through the multiple spherical, bright lights of the craft, she could make out figures of moving silhouettes onboard.

After Kelly expressed what she was seeing, the UFO vanished, but soon after, a bright light emerged that seemed to be shining an unnaturally bright light at the car making it difficult for Kelly and her husband to see the road. At this point, Kelly believes she felt an overwhelming sense of calm wash over her, but noticed that a part of the familiar drive vanished from their trip (approximately 1 km or just over half a mile).

At the time Kelly inquired, “what happened, did I blackout?”

Over the following days, Kelly couldn’t shake the experience. Fixated on the belief that something wasn’t right, she continued to search her memory for the missing pieces of that night. Kelly had various medical problems following the event, including severe stomach pains and uterine infections. Through counseling and hypnosis she began to piece together events that she believed compiled the missing events of about an hour of her families life.

Through hypnosis, Kelly eventually came to believe/remember that not only did her family pull over to observe the UFO as it hovered in a field, but that there was another car present, who also pulled over to observe the craft. The passengers of the second vehicle are said to have been unknown to Kelly Cahill, but were convinced the sighting was compelling enough to be reported. Their illustrations of what they believe they saw are eerily similar to Kelly Cahill’s.

Kelly went on to recall that not only did she, her family, and others on the road get out of their vehicles to stand in awe of this 150 ft floating craft, but that there were beings beneath it. 8 or 9, 7′ tall dark entities, that were were black or so dark it looked as though they were standing in lieu of where matter was, now a void. The silhouette was the quintessential alien figure, narrow frame with a large head shaped a bit like a light-bulb, only the eyes were an intensely glowing red.

She recalled that the group split up, some glided toward Kelly and her family, the others she assumes went for the other group or groups of onlookers. All the while the saucer silently hovering in the field ahead of them. She recalled the beings traveled at an unnaturally fast speed.

Some time later on, Kelly would remember through dreams, various interactions with these beings and the UFO. One such interaction was comprehended by her as being kissed on the naval by one of the entities. It was eventually discovered by a physician, that Kelly had a small triangular burn on her naval. When she reached out to some of the other witnesses, she found those women had accumulated various markings, lacerations, and burns they could not account for as well.

Kelly went on to speak of her experience and ufology publicly and wrote about her experience in a book called, ‘Encounter’ in 1996.

(Kelly Cahill, 1993)


What is belief? Is it singular, the understanding of the individual? Is it a claim we can shout in a crowded place without fear of repercussion? Could you honestly allow yourself to believe something, if everyone around you shouted that you were wrong. Does belief evolve naturally, as new stimuli, changing opinions develop and shift? Are trends in belief universal among all living beings? If a belief becomes a detriment to the believer, is the annihilation of the belief similar to the eradication of an otherwise fatal virus? Is the purest unfiltered reality ideal for optimum development and sustainability? A belief may not be a tangible, physical thing, you can’t hear, touch, see or smell a belief, but the implications of belief in this world, are cataclysmic. As the ages turn, what were once considered facts are time and time again, discarded to make way for new ‘facts’ that in time, share the same fate as their predecessors.

Extraordinary claims are extraordinarily difficult to prove. Is it wise to claim that something like alien life, not only exists, but has come to this planet and presented itself to you? Regardless of what the truth is on that matter, some people would suggest it would be in your best interests to harbor such beliefs silently.

Contrary to extraordinary claims of incidents, you cannot so easily dismiss extraordinary claims of experience.

Do you genuinely believe, that Close Encounters of the Third Kind can or have taken place on this planet?

Regardless of the legitimacy of the incident (and the popular meaning attached), is it impossible for you to ever believe the experience could happen to you, or a loved one?

“About 2.5% of the people in the United States believe that they have been abducted by space aliens.”

Psychology Today, 2017


(Illustrated by John D. Batten, 1892)

Why do we laugh? How odd it is, that with the right external (or even internal) stimuli, a physiological, audible reaction can occur. It’s no secret that if you can make people laugh, you’ll find it easier to make friends, charm or influence people. Because generally, most humans (and arguably some other primates) love to laugh. In those brief moments of laughter, it can feel almost euphoric. It’s when the laughter does not cease, the euphoria becomes something else. Mania, hysteria of any kind can become utterly nightmarish to those afflicted (and shocking to those looking on). All sense of control and composition is lost, rendering those consumed by madness in a vulnerable, debilitated state.

In many instances, laughter is often contagious, that’s why it’s so common for comedic television programs to add a laugh track. We hear someone laughing and we’re more inclined to laugh also (possibly similar to the way we’re drawn to yawn when we see someone else yawn. Some people are inclined to want to yawn from merely reading the word). In 1962, in the country once known as Tanganyika (now modern day Tanzania), they pushed the concept of contagious laughter to extremes.

On the 30th of January, 1962 in (or located near to) the Village of Kashasha, Kagera Region, Tanganyika (Tanzania), a bizarre spell of highly contagious laughter became a terrifying reality.

Lessons began as usual, in a German Missionary run Girls boarding school. But during the morning, for a reason that appears to be lost from all sources of these events (or perhaps too trivial to warrant mentioning), 3 students began to laugh. Despite the teachers efforts to stop the girls from laughing, they continued, growing quickly hysterical. In an effort to calm the girls down, the class was led outside to an open field, to give them some air. What was surely considered an event which was soon to end, had only just begun.

The girls of the boarding school (aged 12 to 18) could only look on as three of their fellow students were utterly consumed by this mysterious madness. But before long, one by one, other students found themselves swept up in the mania, showing the same hysterical behavior as the original three. The teachers struggled to control the situation as the number of hysterical girls grew from 3 to 95, in a school of 159 students. 60% of the school was laughing uncontrollably, crying, feinting, losing bladder and bowel control. For some these spells of hysteria would end in hours, for others the ordeal continued (on and off) for over 16 days. Not so funny now? When the outbursts of hysteria seemed beyond control, the school was closed on the 18th of March, 1962.

Only the madness continued, the epidemic spread to the neighboring village of Nshamba where some of the girls lived. By May, it was estimated that 217 people were now experiencing these strange bouts of hysterical laughter (and accompanying symptoms). They tried in vain to reopen the school on the 21st of May, but the mass hysteria would re-ignite again and yet again. Leading to the school being closed once more around the 31st of June, 1962. Epidemics spread to neighboring schools and villages, primarily affecting girls and boys, usually under 21 years of age. Final estimations of those affected by this strange laughter epidemic are somewhere around 1000 individuals.

Then, as sure as the strange events arose, the “madness” slowly faded away. Experts were brought in, theories were made, tests were taken. Talk of magic, curses, witchcraft, a new strain of malaria. To this day, there is no definitive explanation of why this epidemic occurred. It has been proposed that due to Tanganyika winning its independence in 1962 the premise of change or even a “brave new world” had left the youth feeling bewildered. Young, confused and dealing with emotions rooted in anxiety, they were prime candidates for mass hysteria to take place.

Mass hysteria of varying types has occurred all over the world throughout the ages. Possibly one of the strangest cases, started with a woman named Frau Troffea from Strasbourg, Alsace, Holy Roman Empire (modern day France) in the year 1518 A.D. For a reason that can and has only been speculated now for over 500 years, Frau Troffea while standing in a street in Strasbourg, began dancing.

Hours, turned to days, as the story goes she danced for 6 days before bystanders started to join in. Stories like this always omit whether she stopped to sleep, drink, eat, urinate, but physiologically, I can only imagine she must have. By the 6th day it’s said that 34 people had joined Frau in her manic dancing, mostly women. By the fourth week, there were approximately 400 dancers in the street of Strasbourg. This led to dancers dying from strokes, heart attacks, dehydration and general exhaustion. Until eventually dissipating, just like the events of Tanzania, 1962.

Maybe it’s only a matter of time before an outbreak of mass hysteria or an event somehow like the two I’ve described will occur again.

Could it ever happen to you?

Eh, probably not. You’ll probably be OK.

ᵀᴴᴱ WESTALL UFO ᴀɴᴅ ᴛʜᴇ STRANGENESS ᴛʜᴀᴛ ғᴏʟʟᴏᴡᴇᴅ

(Illustrated by Nicholas Eveleigh)


A mysterious event takes place, in a land considered “far away” by most. Hundreds of children witness something they cannot explain, but no one believes them. The few adults present, teachers no less, are coerced into silence. Students vanish into thin air. The presence of a foreign unknown military force. An idealistic American scientist travels to the under side of the world looking for answers, eventually disgraced, he takes his own life. UFO sightings fluctuate, a man reports a UFO sighting and unusual experience, claiming that his car is being sucked into ethereal lights on an isolated road. Three days later, a fatal car accident occurs at the exact location where the strange event took place. You might be thinking I’m describing the events of some sci-fi drama series, only a great many individuals, to this day, would attest that all, if not most of these claims were entirely true. The least disputed detail of all the strangeness, is the sighting of an unidentified flying object, a flying saucer.

It was 11:00 am, Wednesday, April 6th, 1966, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. What no doubt may have presented itself as an ordinary day at Westall High school, would have drastically changed the moment voices began to shout, “look up in the sky, it’s a flying saucer!”

Immediately, a sense of frenzy, fear, wonderment and exhilaration resonated among the students, because as many eyewitnesses will tell you, as they looked to the clear blue morning sky, there was a silver flying saucer performing aerial feats beyond the capabilities of the (publicly known) aircraft of the day.

As hundreds of students charged toward an area nicknamed ‘The Grange’ where a paddock converged onto a grove of pine trees (today a nature reserve) beyond the edge of the school, numerous eyewitness reports claim that the flying saucer actually lowered into the tall grass. Causing a circular impression that remained after the UFO ascended, some noting also a swirling inner pattern. The UFO was not alone in the sky, according to many eyewitnesses, a number of small airplanes (claims as high as 5) were tailing it. (Though there were no reports of any unusual activity made by Air traffic control or the Royal Australian Air force. To this day, the alleged ‘5 pilots’ have never come forward).

There have since been claims that children, one girl identified only as “Tanya” and others that were closest to the unidentified object when it made its descent, passed out and lay unconscious on the ground around it. Eyewitnesses make the claim that even an ambulance attended the scene to see to the students seemingly suffering physiological effects of the experience. It is claimed by one eyewitness, that “Tanya” was never seen again, after succumbing to some physiological effect from the experience, never returning to school after the event on April 6th.

All up, it is believed the aerial chase, the landing and high speed escape/disappearance happened within a window of approximately 20 minutes. 20 minutes, according to most of the vocal eyewitnesses that has profoundly effected their lives.

(Dr. James E. McDonald)

In interviews conducted by American Physicist/Ufologist, Dr. James E. McDonald roughly one year later, he managed to speak with science teacher Andrew Greenwood who was there that fateful day. Greenwood upon realizing the frenzy sweeping up outside among the students, headed outside to get a look at what they were reacting to. Andrew Greenwood described the UFO as a “round, silver object about the size of a car with a metal rod sticking up in the air.” He then remarked that one of the first things to occur after the event took place, was the headmaster instructed all students to return to their classrooms, after which Greenwood said “he [the headmaster] gave the school a lecture and told the children they would be severely punished if they talked about this matter and told the staff they could lose their jobs if they mentioned it at all.”

From there, according to those who tried to speak out about the event, an element of secrecy and suppression arose. Military vehicles were seen around the area, the site was under total lockdown. Ironically, exactly as virtually every film surrounding such an event would have you believe. Men in camouflaged uniforms were reportedly seen by dozens of the eyewitnesses still vocal on the issue now more than half a century on. The unusual thing about men in camouflage is that in Australia during the 1960’s, neither the Australian nor the British had incorporated it into the military uniforms. Suggesting a possible involvement of either a group, outside of a national government, or even the U.S government which did/does have a presence on Australian soil.

There is talk of suppression of information surrounding this incident. I don’t know how things were managed at the time, perhaps due to the nature of news in the 1960’s it simply did not receive the coverage it might if it occurred today. Though, anecdotally, I would have to agree that something does seem unusual about the records. In researching the event through the usual channels, archives of Australian public newspaper records, the entire year of 1966 in Australia seems oddly slim. Searching terms like “UFO”, “Westall”, “Flying Saucer” were actually proving fruitless. So then I changed the search purely based on date.

In Melbourne, 1966, possibly by coincidence, 1966 draws a blank. So then I started checking other states, in case stories made it to further away Newspapers. When I looked up ‘The Canberra Times’, checking through dates around early April I didn’t find any mention of the Westall UFO event (though perhaps I was just lazily looking in all the wrong places). I did however, find this story, reported in Canberra, about a story that happened in Victoria, approximately 2 hours NW from the Westall incident, mere days after the UFO was sighted at the back of the school:

“MELBOURNE, Monday. — The current world-wide spate of sightings of flying saucers was brought closer to home today by a report by a Maryborough man. Mr Ronald F. Sullivan, a 38-year-old builder of Victoria Street, Maryborough, said he had seen an unidentified flying object on the Bendigo to St Arnaud Road last Monday. Three days later a youth was killed when his car ran off the road at the place where Mr Sullivan said he had seen the object.

Mr Sullivan said, “the headlights on my car were suddenly diverted to the right, for no apparent reason. And if I had followed them I would have run off the straight stretch of road. The fact that I am an experienced driver, and know the district well, saved my life. I managed to stop before I crashed.

Then I saw a display of gaseous lights in all colours of the spectrum in a nearby paddock. The object rose about 10 feet in the air. It later disappeared”, Mr Sullivan said.

Mr Sullivan said he drove on to Wycheproof where his headlights were checked and found to be in perfect order. He went to the crash scene with police on Friday. “We all noticed there was a depression about five inches deep in the freshly ploughed paddock, about 50 feet from the fence. It was about five feet in diameter.” Mr Sullivan said. Police at Maryborough, Castlemaine, Bealiba and Newstead said today they had all heard reports of flying saucers in the area. They have not been able to find the cause of the accident in which the youth, Gary Taylor, 19, of Carnegie, died.”


It’s also claimed that the chemistry teacher at Westall High, Barbara Robins, had access to a camera and was hastily snapping photographs of the UFO during the 20 minute frenzy. There are a great many photographs claiming to be taken during this event, but when I cross referenced them (reverse google search) every single one was linked to other UFO sightings, though that is common in many news stories, surrounding issues even outside of the paranormal. It’s been suggested that Barbara Robins had her camera and film confiscated and was coerced into silence.

Ultimately, in my opinion, this is more a story about suppression than anything else. It has endless possible explanations, but these are the top four I could come up with.

  1. Mass Hysteria, somehow something potentially non-existent has been blown way out of proportion. Disingenuous recollections of a misinterpreted reality. This is actually the least likely scenario, in my mind.
  2. Extraterrestrial or Ultraterrestrial life with access to highly advanced technology, presented itself to hundreds of Australian schoolchildren. For whatever reason, some “agency” (government or otherwise) wants to keep it a secret, suppressed knowledge.
  3. Certain groups on this planet have access to technology that far surpasses what is currently available to the masses. Information is power, and the power is being kept from the general people. Those that rule the world don’t want individuals to be self-sufficient and able to thrive off of the nipple of “the system”
  4. The whole thing was a setup. The entire experience was orchestrated. “They” wanted to test how a group would react to something like this, then how they could suppress it.

Some estimations to the total number of witnesses of UFO phenomena (of varying levels and vicinity of encounters) in Victoria around the 6th of April, 1966 are approximately 300 individuals. 300 individuals that saw “a flying saucer” at a very low altitude. This wasn’t a craft people were squinting to see through the clouds, this was something narrowly avoiding telegraph poles (as one witness claimed). All said and done, in this account of strange events, there is one major thing to ask yourself. Someone in all of this is lying, that much is certain. The question that only you can truly ask yourself is, who? Did the students decide to create some charade? For the fun of it? For fame? They didn’t achieve any, the story barely got out. Or is the reason that seemingly “military” types were involved almost instantly, liaising with the powers that be, because certain people know certain things, that the rest of us are not allowed to understand.

If you think time will reveal the answers naturally, that the truth will rise to the surface on its own accord, like cream, remember this event happened over half a century ago. Many of the eyewitnesses have spent their entire lives waiting to make sense of what they saw, like something would emerge from the woodwork and link the pieces together. That day, unfortunately, has yet to come. Unless something changes, something gives out, the secrets will remain secrets, dormant and unknown.

According to UFO-Hunters.com as of the year 2020, there are over 200220 sightings reported and that number expected to continue to grow as more people around the world continue to more avidly monitor and record the activity of the skies.

ᴬᴿᴱ YϴU ᴡᴀᴛᴄʜɪɴɢ CL⦿SELY?

(Animation by Rory Simms, GIPHY.com)


Relatively simple riddle/problem solving exercise.

A17 B3 C24 D13 E15 F22 G7 H5 I19 J12 K21 L26 M4 N11 O14 P6 Q9 R1 S8 T25 U16 V20 W2 X10 Y23 Z18















↑ ↑ ↑


(Animation from Doze Studio, GIPHY.com)

Some thoughts are more easily entertained than others. The mere notion of a thought exercise like this (and in the end, that’s all it is) is quite offensive to a great many people. In this instance, I’m using the word “cosmogenic” purely in a religious faith sense, not scientifically (though I’m sure some scientists could be offended by this topic also, why not). In some parts of the world (historically and to this day), to openly discuss the kind of things that I’m about to, is a punishable offense, in some cases, with death. But why? What is faith worth, if it can never be tested? Is the “truth” so fragile that something as seemingly inconsequential as an idea able to cause cracks in the façade? In my own experience, the truly devout and faithful of varying religions are often quite willing to engage in religious discussion. Because their foundation of belief has been tested time and time again, solidifying their faith.

So what is this controversial cosmogenic theory?

To put it as simply as possible, it is the notion that all belief acquired in this version of existence is and always was a trap. A trap, deviously set to act as a perpetual anchor, to keep the fractured shards of a consciousness that have lost their means to perceive beyond their prison, locked within their cell. Kept in a constant state of stupor, emotion, attachment merely bars the captives learn to love. They head toward the light, they seek nirvana, they reincarnate, they believe nothing beyond the physical world could exist. All of these roads, as different as they seem, lead back to the same place. Here.

For most cosmogenic theories, consisting of an all powerful creator, monotheistic or vast pantheons of deities, it’s almost expected of all concepts pertaining to the nature of our existence to bear one or two key commonalities. The creator is just and worthy of adoration and our living state is a gift or something to be celebrated/appreciated. For a cosmogenic theory to be controversial, those two key commonalities are abandoned.

As far as I’m aware, there isn’t an established religion in existence that proposes a view similar to what I’m getting at here. Some people might say, to suggest the creator and the nature of our existence to be purposefully misleading and insidious, would be a sect of Satanism. When, that isn’t accurate, because Satanism (among other things) perpetuates vices such as pride, envy, gluttony, greed, lust, sloth, and wrath. The seven deadly sins put mortal life, self-indulgence on a pedestal, effectively anchoring Satanists.

The crux of this theory (which I have heard put forward in various fashions many different times in my life, I’m not claiming that I came up with this) is that in a time and place, where there was/is no time or place, there was consciousness. This consciousness, though a unified singularity, had the means to produce infinite versions of itself, life begets life. Only through slight fractures of consciousness and lapses of awareness could individual “entities” introduce new stimulus for one another to experience. Perspective is linked to personality, similarly discussed when referring to artificial intelligence, and the concept of a hive mind.

It’s possible that there was a time when shards of consciousness built intricate universes and dimensions for one another to experience freely, to come and go as they please, having the capacity to know infinite beyond said dimension. But there is every possibility (in regards to this presumably FICTITIOUS theory) that for whatever reason, one shard of consciousness had something different in mind. One shard of consciousness, deceived the others, in their great numbers, compelling them to experience something entirely different. Something that would change them forever.

Arising on earth, with no memory of where they came from or what they were, compelled to the demands of mortality, to eat, to sleep, to procreate. The reality so very compelling and vast, they lived and died and were born anew. Over and over and over again, enforcing the process of life and death, but willfully returning, losing their memory of the cycle with every birth (in some rare instances, vague memories remaining).

Beings desiring to see loved ones, due to the bonds they made in their mortal existence, utterly unaware that their mothers, their fathers, their husbands, their wives are/were all really a part of them once. Your best friend, your worst enemy, someone who has absolutely nothing in common with you, is you. On a scale of “you”, you cannot even comprehend, not anymore. Dreams, nightmares, races, genders, nations, love, hate merely devices to keep you invested, to keep you playing the game, over and over again.

For what reason?

One might suggest all kinds of nefarious reasons to effectively enslave billions into a prison they cannot even perceive. Maybe an archaic part of the collective consciousness grew to hate itself, and wanted to imprison the shards that it despised? Maybe this one entity, this one shard of consciousness developed an ego where it desired superiority over the other shards of consciousness? Most likely however, it is done so for the same reasons the consciousness may have fractured in the first place, and stimuli was originally introduced. To experience, to learn, to grow. Maybe this isn’t even the first time it’s taken place, perhaps this is one of the shorter stints that it has even occurred?

Perhaps once even YOU did a similar thing, for a period longer than this solar system has existed?

The premise of a faith like this, if it did exist, would be, be kind to one another, because essentially you are your neighbor. Then it would be to lose value in all things, if you desire to transcend beyond the prison walls, much like reaching enlightenment in Buddhism. Though the moment you consider it nirvana as you imagine nirvana rooted in anything conceptually tied to this reality, you’re back to square one.

Versions of “Heaven” and “Hell” may even be the attic and the basement connected to this reality and overall theory.

Ultimately, the question to ask yourself after considering this theory would be, would you want out?

If you do desire to leave, say “¡Adiós Amigos! 1, 2, 3!” aloud.


Oh well, it was worth a try.